A Commodity Jurisdiction (“CJ”) is a determination on whether a project, item, software, information, service, etc. is subject to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) or another set of US Government regulations such as Export Administration Regulations (EAR). It is the responsibility of the person(s) developing the technology, conducting the research, exporting the item, and/or providing technical data/defense services to a non US person to make this determination after reviewing the United States Munitions List (USML) and the relevant sections of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). If after reviewing the USML and relevant sections of the ITAR one is unable to make this self-determination, an official CJ Request should be submitted to the US Department of State (State). Upon receipt State will process the request and make an official determination that will be issued to the requesting party. During the CJ process the item subject to the CJ, whether it is research, an item, information or a service will need to be treated as ITAR controlled with all the appropriate security measures in place. It is always advisable to either make a self-determination or obtain a CJ from State prior to commencing the effort in question so that one does not inadvertently export/release the information, item or provide a defense service in violation of the regulations.