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Cost Sharing Policy

It is the policy of the University that only mandatory cost sharing is offered to sponsors. Mandatory cost sharing requirements are usually defined by law, statute, sponsor regulations, or written in the application guidelines for a specific program. When there is mandatory cost sharing a copy of the request for proposal (RFP), regulations or guidelines must be submitted with the proposal.

This cost sharing policy does not preclude exceptions that allows voluntary committed cost sharing be offered that is judged to be appropriate under certain circumstances to leverage a project. Consistent with the Uniform Guidance (2 CFR 200.99 and 200.306), Voluntary committed cost sharing means cost sharing specifically pledged (quantifiable amount of resources) on a voluntary basis in the proposal’s budget or budget justification. Commitments made in other sections of the proposal, including but not limited to, Institutional Environment & Commitment, Facilities and Resources, Other Support, and Letters of Support, do not meet the definition of Voluntary Committed Cost Sharing. However, the University STRONGLY suggests not committing any resources outside the budget as it can be brought in as cost sharing at the Sponsor’s discretion.

All cost sharing, except over any salary cap, must be approved by the appropriate business official with authority to commit funds on behalf of the unit covering the cost.  This individual is known in UFIRST as the Unit Fiscal Authority (UFA). To facilitate cost sharing approvals the UFIRST – Proposal SmartForm has electronic routing capability that collects the required responsible units approval on all cost sharing, except over the salary cap, which does not require approval.

Cost sharing contributions must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Are verifiable from the University’s accounting records;
  2. Are necessary and reasonable for accomplishment of project or program objectives;
  3. Are allowable under 2 CFR 200 Subpart E—Cost Principles;
  4. Are not included as contributions for any other sponsored award; and
  5. Are not deriving from another sponsored award, except where the Sponsor specifically allows.

Types of Cost Sharing

Mandatory cost sharing is required by statute or as condition of a specific solicitation/program announcement. It will normally appear in the award document from the sponsor. Mandatory cost sharing expenditures are tracked and documented and will be reported back to the sponsors  in a Financial Report.

Voluntary committed cost sharing is created if a proposal budget or budget justification specifically includes cost sharing where none was required. If funded, the PI and the University are “committed” to provided the project with the indicated support. Voluntary committed cost sharing expenditures are not normally reported back to the sponsors, however, it is still required the University track and document these costs as they are subject to audit.

Voluntary uncommitted cost sharing represents contributions to a sponsored project made after the award is received. For example, the PI decides to spend more time on the funded project than proposed and not charge the sponsor for the increased effort. Uncommitted cost sharing is not planned and is not accounted in the UF cost sharing system.

National Science Foundation Cost Sharing Policy

The National Science Foundation prohibits voluntary cost sharing. If a Principal Investigator includes any voluntary cost sharing in a proposal being submitted to the NSF the investigator runs the risk that the proposal will be returned without review or declined. NSF only allows mandatory cost sharing when required by the NSF Program Announcement. See the NSF Cost Share Policy and Related NSF FAQs.

Cost Sharing FAQs

If the sponsor reduces the budget and the PI does not reduce the scope this now means that UF is cost sharing. But is this type of cost sharing mandatory?

This would still be considered voluntary committed cost sharing. Mandatory cost sharing refers to eligibility to receive the award. This newly occurring cost sharing was not considered as part of our eligibility, and is therefore voluntary committed.

Minimum faculty commitments of 1-2% that are not supported by the project and are also not quantified to the sponsor; is this mandatory cost sharing?

No, as it is not a condition of the award. The 1-2% required effort commitment for PIs is our institutional policy for addressing  Memorandum M-01-06 issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) which states:

“… Federally-funded research programs should have some level of committed faculty (or senior researchers) effort, paid or unpaid by the Federal Government. This effort can be provided at any time within the fiscal year (summer months, academic year, or both). Such committed faculty effort shall not be excluded from the organized research base by declaring it to be voluntary uncommitted cost sharing. If a research program research sponsored agreement shows no faculty (or senior researchers) effort, paid or unpaid by the Federal Government, an estimated amount must be computed by the university and included in the organized research base.” (

The law pertains to Federal funds, but for consistency we apply for all sponsors on all applicable proposals.

This commitment is not required to be explicitly stated in the proposal but will be captured in the University’s commitment management system.

Which types of projects are exempt from the mandatory minimum PI effort requirement?

The PI mandatory minimum effort requirement is waived for mentors on programs such as fellowships, doctoral dissertation grants and institutional training grants; equipment grants; and non-federal clinical trials.

How should this mandatory minimum effort be entered in UFIRST when it is being cost shared?

In absence of a mandatory cost share requirement, this effort should be entered as voluntary cost sharing and it should reflect the true cost of the PI’s time. The Institutional Base should not be reduced to decrease the amount of cost share shown.

Should all Senior/Key Personnel have a minimum effort entered in UFIRST?

UF only requires this minimum effort for the Award PI.

Can I have cost sharing in my UFIRST and not tell the agency?

Yes. However, if there is an amount quantified to the sponsor, that must match the cost share budget in UFIRST. But if you do not communicate any quantifiable effort to the sponsor, put the appropriate amount of effort to achieve the project into UFIRST.

Should the PI mandatory minimum effort be entered for internal programs such as the CTSI and UF Seed Opportunity Fund?

Yes. These two programs require protected time and will hold you to your effort commitment.  Other programs are evaluated on a case by case basis.

A Federal Sponsor has issued guidelines that do not require cost sharing but state that it is encouraged. What should we do?

With the implementation of the Uniform Guidance, Federal sponsors are no longer permitted to encourage voluntary committed cost share. If a sponsor has included such language in their guidelines and do not agree to remove it UF has channels, namely the Council on Government Relations, which can report this to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The OMB is responsible for the oversight of Federal funds and will address this cost sharing language with the offending sponsor.

Can non-profit sponsors encourage voluntary cost share?

Yes. The rules above only apply to Federal funds. Non-profit sponsors can still encourage voluntary committed cost share.

My PI is submitting to a sponsor whose RFP contains a 1:1 (dollar-for-dollar) mandatory cost sharing requirement, but my PI intends to commit 2:1. Is this additional cost sharing voluntary?

Yes! In UFIRST, the amount over the required cost share amount should be categorized as “Voluntary” in the cost share budget.

My PI has mentioned in their budget justification that UF will support the tuition of their graduate students. Is this cost sharing?

Yes. However, if the dollar amount is not specified then UF is not bound to meeting an exact dollar figure. This is not an auditable amount and will not be entered into the University’s award system as cost sharing  Therefore, it is recommended to stay silent on the dollar figure when including voluntary cost sharing.

Cost sharing is committed in the budget and budget justification. However, if the budget justification refers (makes a link) to any section quantifying the institutional support, the sponsor can add this to the committed cost share amount.

My PI wants to mention that UF will provide institutional support (e.g. fund additional trainee/graduate student slots if we receive an award). What is the best way to do this?

Do not mention this support in the budget or budget justification. A more appropriate place to mention this would be in the Facilities & Resources section. Additionally, do not quantify the amount/dollar value of this support in the section that it is mentioned. UF must provide this support in the event of an award but we are not bound to a specific dollar amount if we do not quantify it.

Can unrecovered and associated indirect costs be used to meet a cost share requirement?

Sponsor-allowed indirect costs should first be charged. If the allowable indirect cost rate is less than the full UF indirect cost rate, then unrecovered and associated indirect costs are the best types of cost sharing to offer, followed by effort. Supplies, travel, and other types of support should be considered/offered last.  Check the Sponsor’s guidelines for any restrictions to the contrary.

If we spent unrestricted funds to support a project on which there was not a cost share commitment, should we report these expenses on a manual cost share entry form?

No.  These are voluntary uncommitted and the University is not required to track and report these to the Sponsor.

Why do we have to get signatures on the manual cost share forms?

The PI signs manual cost share entry forms because it is a certification that:

1) The charges being reported on the form are in fact in support of the project indicated and;

2) We did not use these funds to meet any other cost share commitments.

Does third-party cost sharing need to be entered into the UFIRST budget?

Yes, all committed third-party cost sharing must be entered into the UFIRST budget.  Select “yes” on question 5.0 on the General Budget Information tab on the appropriate working budget and select the contributing third-party organization(s). Enter the dollar amount on the General Costs grid on the associated Cost Sharing working budget in the appropriate expense category and choose the appropriate third-party organization from the Responsible Unit dropdown. UFIRST will not incur F&A on the third-party cost share if it has been entered correctly following the steps above.

When should I check in with my third party cost share contributors?

Early and often. There have been cases where third party cost share contributors have dissolved by the end of the project. This left no one to verify that the cost share had taken place. Check in with your third parties regularly until the cost share letters are obtained.