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US Governing Authorities & Regulations

Which U.S. Government Agencies are Responsible?

The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) is under the purview of the U.S. Department of State. The ITAR regulates items, information, software, and services that are inherently military in nature. Specifically, Defense Articles, Technical Data and Defense Services are controlled under the ITAR.

The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) is under the purview of the U.S. Department of Commerce. The EAR regulates items, information, software and services that are “dual use” (i.e., predominantly civil applications but may also have military applications) or are strictly civil in nature.

Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is under the purview of the U. S. Department of the Treasury. OFAC regulates financial transactions with, provision of material resources to, activities in and with persons from embargoed/sanctioned countries, persons and entities. 

10 CFR Part 810 Assistance to Foreign Atomic Energy Activities (Part 810) is under the purview of the U.S. Department of Energy. Part 810 regulates the involvement of U.S. persons in civil nuclear fuel cycle activities directly or indirectly outside the United States.

10 CFR Part 110 Export and Import of Nuclear Equipment and Materials (Part 110) is under the purview of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Part 110 prescribes licensing, enforcement, and rulemaking procedures and criteria, under the Atomic Energy Act, for the import and export of nuclear equipment and materials.